Elaterium is the plant extract used as a purgative. Theophrastus 370 about 285 bce, enquiry into plants, book ix. Information and translations of ecballium elaterium in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. And that is precisely what your curious friends will have when they touch the small plumshaped fruits on the amazing and aptly named squirtingcucumber. Swollen pods of ecballium elaterium shoot forth a gunky mixture of liquid and seeds when touched. Information about ecballium elaterium in the dictionary, synonyms and antonyms. It is unknown whether the cause of uvula edema of ecballium elaterium is the direct toxic effect or allergic. Objective to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of ethanolic extract of ecballium elaterium e. The squirting cucumber has been used as a medicinal plant for over 2,000 years, though it has a very violent effect upon the body and has little use in modern herbalism. Cucumber, squirting ecballium elaterium, packet of 10 seeds. You can import pdfs of scholarly articles directly into citavi. Greigegerges h1, khalil ra, mansour ea, magdalou j, chahine r, ouaini n. Home shop cucumber, squirting ecballium elaterium, packet of 10 seeds, organic we at strictly medicinal seeds are dedicated to providing medicinal plants to the people. Ecballium elaterium online atlas of the british and irish flora.
Elaterium is an invaluable remedy in violent vomiting and purging, especially if the evacuations are copious and watery. Last year i had the monthly species and the year before that i had the monthly scientist. Ecballium elaterium also known as squirting cucumber in the mediterranean countries is a weedy plant that belongs to the cucurbitacea family. Elaterium definition is a purgative substance precipitated as a fine powder from the juice of the squirting cucumber on spontaneous evaporation and used in the form of yellowish cakes. For each pdf, citavi creates a new reference and searches for its bibliographic information using.
Elaterium definition and meaning collins english dictionary. This is the profile for the plant ecballium elaterium squirting cucumber faqqus ilhmir. Its difficult to decide whether the leaves are heartshaped or triangular. Cucurbitaceae cucumber family, gourd family medicinal use of squirting cucumber. Naturalized in some european countries and macaronesia. The ripest seed pods pop off like champagne bottes. Ecballium elaterium noun the noun ecballium elaterium has 1 sense. Oct 22, 2012 swollen pods of ecballium elaterium shoot forth a gunky mixture of liquid and seeds when touched. Methods evaluation of the antimicrobial activity or synergy interaction was carried out using. General information about ecballium elaterium ecael mediterranean, black sea, caucasus. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license. It can cause the seeds to be ejected up to 7 metres away from the parent plant.
Methods evaluation of the antimicrobial activity or synergy. A 42yearold man had a perforation of the nasal septum after using nasal drops prepared from ecballium elaterium 46 a. Ecballium elaterium, also called the squirting cucumber or exploding cucumber, is a plant in the cucumber family. Dark greyishgreen, fivelobed leaves are carried on long, bristly stems. Yellow flowers on radiating stems produce intriguing hanging fruits.
Elaterium of inferior quality is more or less curled, much darker colored, less brittle, and has a glistening fracture. Pdf human exposure to ecballium elaterium fruit juice. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. To prepare the extract, the fruit is sliced lengthwise and slightly pressed, the greenish and slightly turbid juice obtained is strained and set aside, and the deposit of. Of wild cucumber the root is used for white leprosy and for mange in sheep, while the extracted juice makes the drug called the driver. Ecballium from the greek ekballein to cast out, referring to the forceful ejection of the seeds when the fruit is ripe. This sprawling plant with its round leaves and yellow flowers can catch the unwary by surprise. The juice of ecbalium elaterium fruit has commonly been used to treat sinusitis in the mediterranean region because of its antiinflammatory effects. Ecballium elaterium squirting cucumber pfaf plant database.
Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Definition of ecballium elaterium in the dictionary. Lerne, wie du mit adobe acrobat zwei pdfdateien miteinander vergleichst. Andean bryophytes bolivia checklist catalogue of new world grasses ecuador catalogue flora mesoamericana madagascar catalogue moss flora of china peru checklist system details. Ecballium elaterium has been used medicinally since classical times. Its stems are extended or ascending, and are stiff and rough. Rearrange individual pages or entire files in the desired order. Squirting cucumber perennial vine growing from a perennial root. Unwary inspection triggers the incredible seed distribution method.
When its fruits are ripe they actually explode and send their seeds in a torrent of mucilaginous goo. Ecballium elaterium, a perennial herbaceous plant of the family cucurbitaceae. The board of trustees of the royal botanic gardens, kew. Ecballium elaterium also known as squirting cucumber in the mediterranean countries is a weedy plant that belongs to. The next day 40 mg of antiinflammatory principle 1. Ecballium elaterium ecaeloverview eppo global database.
It yields about 6 per cent of elaterin, while good elaterium. Effect of ethanolic extract of ecballium elaterium against. The species is monoecious individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant and is pollinated by insects. When obtained from the fruit collected in summer, elaterium may contain from 40 to 50 per cent elaterin. The new york flora atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. Chemical composition and antiproliferative effect on human colonic adenocarcinoma and. Download includes an excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a pdf explaining the background and nomenclature. Ecballium elaterium article about ecballium elaterium by. Wenn du ein dokument mit anderen personen teilen mochtest, kannst du es im portable document format pdf sichern. Ecballium elaterium squirting cucumberrhs gardening.
Ecballium elaterium wikipedia, a enciclopedia livre. For each pdf, citavi creates a new reference and searches. This has to come from the book that ive been reading listed below and that is about the squirting cucumber or ecballium elaterium. Verwandeln sie mit einem einzigen klick nahezu jeden dateityp. Ecballium elaterium in kew science plants of the world online. Getting started adding references importing pdf files citavi.
Aug 15, 2007 cucurbitacins from ecballium elaterium juice increase the binding of bilirubin and ibuprofen to albumin in human plasma. Elaterium definition of elaterium by the free dictionary. Plants profile for ecballium elaterium squirting cucumber. The leaves are cordate, with gray, feltlike undersides. Proper usage and audio pronunciation of the word ecballium elaterium. Elaterium definition at, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation.
Ecballium elaterium, commonly known as squirting cucumber or exploding cucumber, is a frosttender, weakstemmed, herbaceous perennial vine of the gourd family that typically grows to 1218 tall, but clambers and trails along the ground, often in an aggressive sprawling fashion, to 36 wide. It is thus considered to have rapid plant movement. The human serious adverse reactions of the folkloric plant, ecballium elaterium ee, are well documented in the lit erature. Within minutes of using the drops, he started to have a burning sensation in the nose and the pharynx, followed by a watery and then a purulent. This page was last edited on 7 october 2019, at 20. Note that the pdf version is the booklet as published, whereas the excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. Each plant profile in the database contains nomenclature info, botanical data, plant description, large, highresolution pictures, images and photos of the plants and its parts. It gets its unusual name from the fact that, when ripe, it squirts a stream of mucilaginous liquid containing its seeds, which can be seen with the.
Ecballium is a genus of flowering plants in the family cucurbitaceae containing a single species, ecballium elaterium, also called the squirting cucumber or exploding cucumber but not to be confused with cyclanthera brachystachya. It is extracted from the juice of the fruit of ecballium elaterium. We are still open for nursery plant sales, and look forward to your live root and plant orders. Ecballium elaterium an overview sciencedirect topics. It is in flower from june to august, and the seeds ripen from august to september.
Cucumber, squirting ecballium elaterium, packet of 10 seeds, organic. It has been associated with severe uvular edema and nasal mucosal necrosis after nasal administration of an undiluted. This report is presenting the medical literature of 74 cases, which experienced severe adverse reactions or deaths that resulted from. The cultivation and cucurbitacin content of ecballium. The cultivation and cucurbitacin content of ecballium elaterium l. Cucumber, squirting ecballium elaterium, packet of 10. This year i fancied doing something slightly different. Mediterranean vine having oblong fruit that when ripe expels its seeds and juice violently when touched familiarity information.
Ecballium elaterium cucurbitaceae, squirting cucumber ear, nose, and throat. It is a very efficient remedy in certain forms of dropsy. Elaterium definition of elaterium by merriamwebster. Cucurbitacins from ecballium elaterium juice increase the binding of bilirubin and ibuprofen to albumin in human plasma. This report is presenting the medical literature of 74 cases, which experienced severe adverse reactions or deaths that resulted from the administration of the plant juice. Eetiii, which is found in the seeds of the squirting cucumber, is composed of 28 amino acids and contains several prominent disulfideconstrained loops. Ecballium elaterium pdf to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of ethanolic extract of ecballium elaterium e. A wider study is needed to identify the effective components, the mode of action and. However, the undiluted juice can cause irritation and inflammation in mucosal membranes 35 a. Ecballium elaterium online atlas of the british and. Posts about ecballium elaterium written by laura c. Cucurbitacins from ecballium elaterium juice increase the. Sciclunaspiteri institute of agriculture, university of malta, msida, msd 06, malta introduction.147 478 340 513 711 1043 147 1383 1322 643 343 1014 1339 353 731 1307 653 995 870 68 485 144 1079 860 519 1008 388 89 1335 56 428 1248 697 1171 845 1321 487 583 308 549 943 1135